Forced Running Wheels


  • Forced exercise 
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Stress induction (stressor with physical and psychological components)


Forced running is an advanced out-of-home-cage feature that exposes animals to defined exercise schedules. Combined with the TSE Systems indirect calorimetry module (CaloSys), the forced wheel examines the direct relationship between exercise and energy expenditure. A highly controlled environment allows detailed correlation between work performed and energy expended.