Forced Running Wheels

 

  • Forced exercise 
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Stress induction (stressor with physical and psychological components)

 

Forced running is an advanced out-of-home-cage feature that exposes animals to defined exercise schedules. Combined with the TSE Systems indirect calorimetry module (CaloSys), the forced wheel examines the direct relationship between exercise and energy expenditure. A highly controlled environment allows detailed correlation between work performed and energy expended.